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Minnesota Corn Production Down 8 Percent in 2019
Minnesota Ag Connection - 05/14/2020

Corn for grain production in Minnesota during 2019 is estimated at 1.25 billion bushels, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service -- Crop Production 2019 Summary report. This estimate is down 1% from the previous estimate and down 8% from 2018. Minnesota's corn for grain yield is estimated at 173 bushels per acre, 1 bushel less than the previous estimate. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 7.25 million acres, down 10,000 acres from the previous estimate and 210,000 acres below 2018. Corn planted for all purposes in 2019 is estimated at 7.80 million acres, down 100,000 acres from 2018.

Corn for silage production is estimated at 8.74 million tons, up 17 percent from 2018. The silage yield estimate of 19.0 tons per acre, down 3.0 tons from 2018. Producers harvested 460,000 acres of corn for silage, an increase of 120,000 acres from 2018.

Corn harvested area estimates were reduced from the Crop Production 2019 Annual Summary in Minnesota, South Dakota and Wisconsin. As a result of these changes and yield changes in Michigan, Minnesota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin, corn production in the United States is estimated at 13.7 billion bushels, down less than 1 percent from the Crop Production 2019 Annual Summary.

Soybean harvested area estimates were reduced from the Crop Production 2019 Annual Summary in Michigan and Wisconsin. As a result of these changes and a yield change in Michigan, soybean production in the United States is estimated at 3.56 billion bushels, down slightly from the Crop Production 2019 Annual Summary.

Survey respondents in Michigan, Minnesota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin who reported corn and soybean acreage as not yet harvested during the surveys conducted in preparation for the Crop Production 2019 Summary, released January 12, 2020, were re-contacted in April to determine how many of those acres were actually harvested and record the actual production from those acres. When producers were surveyed in December, there were a significant number of unharvested acres of:

- Corn in Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin

- Soybeans in Michigan, North Dakota, and Wisconsin

Based on this updated information, several changes were made to the estimates previously published in the Crop Production 2019 Summary. Unharvested production is a component of on-farm stocks, therefore, changes were made to the December 1 on-farm stocks levels comparable with the production adjustments.

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